Cochinita pibil, the long-roasted tender pork that's a classic of Mayan cuisine, is a signature dish at Mayan Cafe.

Cochinita pibil at Mayan Cafe takes us straight to Yucatán

Cochinita pibil. These two Spanish words – one common, the other not so much – shine a bright light on both the Mayan cuisine of Mexico’s Yucatán peninsula and neighboring Guatemala and into one of Louisville’s favorite South-of-the-Border restaurants, Mayan Cafe.

So what’s a cochinita pibil? A little pig – that’s the easy part – long and slowly roasted in a tart, flavorful marinade of sour oranges and Mayan spices, housed in a large metal box and lowered into a pib, the traditional Mayan fire pit.

Mayan Cafe doesn’t have a giant fire-in-the-hole in the tiny kitchen of its NuLu home, but I can testify that Chef Bruce Ucán’s oven-roasted rendition is one of the most amazing things I have ever seen done to pork.

I know you’re salivating to hear more about this amazing Mayan pork dish, but we’re getting a little ahead of ourselves. Let’s talk about what makes Mayan Cafe such a favorite, starting with this crazy pandemic that’s shuffling all our lives into a new not-so-normal. Back in March and into April, after Gov. Andy Beshear ordered a stop to dining in restaurants (and for a while, even on patios), it wasn’t clear to many of us whether our favorite restaurants would survive.

A large "Justice for Queen Breonna" poster in the front window signals Mayan Cafe's commitment to justice.
A large “Justice for Queen Breonna” poster in the front window signals Mayan Cafe’s commitment to justice.

Indeed, even after quite a few local favorites started reopening with socially distanced tables for outdoor dining or reduced indoor capacity, Mayan Cafe’s doors remained closed.

But I didn’t worry. Ucán is a survivor, and he has been selling and advocating for Mayan cuisine since the 1980s when he drove a big blue taco truck called The Mayan Gypsy to suburban construction sites. He opened his first brick-and-mortar shop right where he is now in 1987, across Market Street from what was then Wayside Christian Mission. After a brief move to larger quarters a few blocks west that didn’t work out, he returned in 2007 to where he began, remodeled, just in time to catch the rising NuLu wave, and he’s been there ever since.

But then the pandemic shut down dining-in in Kentucky restaurants on March 16. It would be June 22, ninety-eight days later, before Mayan Cafe opened its dining room for limited 33% capacity again.

Naturally I couldn’t wait to get back over there, not least to get some of that cochinita pibil.

The menu is mostly Mayan, of course, and the menu adds, “fusing traditional Mayan flavors, ingredients and cooking techniques with local, sustainably-farmed ingredients.”

The online menu features seven starters, eight entrees, five sides, and a trio of desserts. It offers a good short tour of Mayan cuisine leavened by a few more domestic options like a veggie burrito and a Mayan burger.

Pricing is well above many local Mexican options, but quality makes it worth the toll. Appetizers range in price from $8 (for sikil pak, a Mayan twist on hummus made with pumpkin seeds) to $14 (for scallop ceviche with Mayan flavors). The entrees start where the apps leave off with a $14 veggie burrito, then range upward through the $20s to $25 (for pan-seared verlasso salmon turned Mayan with an earthy cuitlacoche sauce).

All Mayan Cafe’s meat comes from local farms, as do seasonal local produce and cheese.

Another brand of commitment: All Mayan Cafe's carryout packaging, even the bags, is compostable.
Another brand of commitment: All Mayan Cafe’s carryout packaging, even the bags, is compostable.

Consider that amazing cochinita pibil ($23, pictured at the top of the page), for instance: It may not be made from the rare heirloom hairless pigs that are being reintroduced in the Yucatán, but pastured Bourbon County Garey Farms pork makes a worthy substitute. The finished pork came in huge, velvety soft chunks of lusciously fatty boneless pork, so tender you could eat it with a spoon; soaked, bathed, and coated in its creamy bright-orange liquid that it had roasted in. The sauce’s predominant flavor was citrusy sour orange with a haunting minty note. It was tinted reddish-orange by earthy notes and gentle spice added by the Mexican spice achiote; the flavors perfectly complemented that of the rich, juicy pork. It is an amazing dish. Yucatán style rice on the side was bathed in flavorful oil and dotted with corn niblets and bits of carrot.

Bits of tender green nopales (cactus), yellow squash, kale and quinoa and a piquant fried tomato sauce elevate Mayan Cafe's cactus stir-fry entree.
Bits of tender green nopales (cactus), yellow squash, kale and quinoa and a piquant fried tomato sauce elevate Mayan Cafe’s cactus stir-fry entree.

Another main dish, cactus stir-fry ($19), gave vegetables the same kind of loving treatment that cochinita pibil delivers to pork. Tender green nopales (cactus), yellow squash and poblano peppers were cut into bite-size bits and stir-fried together with kale leaves until all were cooked through but not wilted, then served on a bed of quinoa. Another Yucatán specialty, piquant dark-orange fried-tomato puree, was served on the side as a sauce. The disparate flavors and textures made this a memorable dish. If you’re wondering what stir-fried cactus tastes like, I’d place it on a flavor spectrum between a green bean and okra. I like it.

Tok-sel gives the Mayan treatment to lima beans and raises them to a new level at Mayan Cafe.
Tok-sel gives the Mayan treatment to lima beans and raises them to a new level at Mayan Cafe.

Another Mayan Cafe specialty, Yucatán-style tok-sel lima beans ($5) wasn’t up to par this time. The limas had been cooked to crisp-tender perfection and tossed with finely chopped parsley and ground pumpkin seed as per tradition, but the overall impression was not bright but tired, with a dull earthy back flavor. It was a small complaint in an otherwise spectacular meal. We’ll be back!

A delicious Mayan meal for two came to $49.82, plus a $10 tip.

Mayan Cafe
813 E. Market St.